Adolf Heschl

Contact Info

Universität Graz
Institut für Zoologie
Universitätsplatz 2
8010 Graz
Heschl, A. (1989): Integration of "Innate" and "Learned" Components within the IRME for Mussel Recognition in the European Bitterling Rhodeus amarus. Ethology 81, 193—208
Heschl, A. (1989): On the Untenability of the Innate/Learned-Dichotomy. 21st International Ethological Conference (Abstracts), Utrecht
Heschl, A. (1990): L = C A Simple Equation with Astonishing Consequences. Journal of theoretical Biology 145, 13—40
Heschl, A. (1990): Konzept "Erblichkeit" und Verhalten. Deutsche Ethologentagung (Abstracts), Wien
Heschl, A. (1992): Behaviour and the concept of heritability. Axioms of an ethological refutation. Acta biotheoretica 40, 23—30
Heschl, A. (1992): Die Entwicklung des Bewußtseins beim Kind. In: Das Bewußtsein. Multidimensionale Entwürfe (Guttmann, G. & Langer, G., Hg.). Springer, Wien, 352—374
Heschl, A. & Peschl, M. (1992): Natural versus artificial "intelligence": an axiomatic comparison. Journal of Social and Evolutionary Systems 15 (1), 55—74
Heschl, A. (1993): Epistemology as a natural science. Evolution and Cognition 2 (4), 235—255
Heschl, A. (1993): Physiognomic Similarity and Political Cooperativeness: an Exploratory Investigation. Politics and the Life Sciences 12(1), 61—68
Heschl, A. (1993): On the ontogeny of seed harvesting techniques in free ranging ground squirrels (Spermophilus citellus). Behaviour 125, 39—50
Heschl, A. (1994): Razor-blade of life. Nature 368, 93
Heschl, A. (1994): Reconstructing the real unit of selection (commentary to Wilson, D.S. & Sober, E.: Re-introducing group selection to the human behavioral sciences). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17(4): 624—625
Heschl, A. (1994): Nature/nurture. Nature 369, 10
Heschl, A. (1995): Why ethology can't be obsolete. 114, 110—112
Heschl, A. (1995): Zur Biologie des Krisenmanagements bei Mensch und Tier. In: Philosophie der Gegenwart und Krisenbewältigung. Sommerakademie Kapfenberg 1994, 128—137 Heschl, A. (1996): Biological Determinism. Science 271, 743—744
Heschl, A. (1997): Who's afraid of a non-metaphorical evolutionary epistemology? Philosophia naturalis 34(1), 107—145
Heschl, A. (1997): Von der Brutpflegefürsorge zur Erziehung — oder: Wie Tier- und Menschenkinder lernen. In: Natur der Moral? Ethische Bildung im Horizont der modernen Evolutionsforschung (Treml, A.K., Hg.), Diesterweg, Frankfurt, 6—9
Heschl, A. (1998): Der evolutionstheoretische Status der Sprache. In: Zur Evolution von Kommunikation und Sprache (Liedtke, M., Hg.), Austria Medien Service, Graz, 51—70 Heschl, A. (1998): Imprinting and the Nature of Learning. In: Evolution of Cognition (3rd Altenberg Workshop in Theoretical Biology, Abstracts), 16
Heschl, A. (1998): Sexualität und Prägung in den Perspektiven von Ethologie und Psychoanalyse. In: Freud — Piaget — Lorenz. Von den biologischen Grundlagen des Denkens und Fühlens (Wimmer, M., Hg.), WUV Universitätsverlag, Wien, 168—188
Heschl, A. & Burkart, J. (2000): Marmosets and Mirrors. 6th Workshop of the European Marmoset Research Group (Abstracts), April 3—5, 2000
Heschl, A. (2001): Life Is Cognition (dEbate response to Mauron, A.: Is the Genome the Secular Equivalent of the Soul? Science 291, 831—832)
Heschl, A. (2001): Natural selection and metaphors of „selection“ (commentary to Hull, D. L., Langman, R. E. & Glenn, S. S.: A general account of selection: Biology, immunology, and behavior). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (3), 539—540
Heschl, A. (2002): Adaptation as genetic internalization (commentary to Shepard, R. N.: Perceptual-Cognitive Universals as Reflections of the World). Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4), 673-674
Heschl, A. (2002): Genes for learning: Learning processes as expression of pre-existing genetic information. Evolution and Cognition 8 (1), 43—54
Heschl, A. (2005): Nature explains nurture: Animals, genes, and the environment. In: Encyclopedia of Animal Behavior (Bekoff, M., ed.), Greenwood, Westport, vol. 2, 780—790 Heschl, A. & Burkart, J. (2006): A new mark test for self-recognition in non-human primates. Primates 47, 187—198
Burkart, J. & Heschl, A. (2004): Non-human primates’ performance in object choice tasks: The role of chance probabilities and prepotent action tendencies. Folia primatologica 75, 361
Burkart, J. & Heschl, A. (2006): Geometrical gaze following in common marmosets (Callithrix jacchus). Journal of Comparative Psychology 120, 120—130
Burkart, J. & Heschl, A. (2007): Understanding visual access in common marmosets, Callithrix jacchus: Perspective taking or behaviour reading? Animal Behaviour 73, 457—469 Heschl, A. (submitted): Siamangs (Hylobates symphalangus) recognize their mirror image. International Journal of Primatology

Heschl, A. (2002): The Intelligent Genome — On the Origin of the Human Mind by Mutation and Selection. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg [dt.: Das intelligente Genom. Springer 1988] URL:
Heschl, A. (2008): Darwins Traum – Die Entstehung des menschlichen Bewusstseins. Wiley-Blackwell, Weinheim URL:

Scientific Journals: (1998–2004):
Member of the Editorial Board of Animal Cognition URL:


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Adolf Heschl

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